Having a bad tooth or losing a tooth due to one factor or the other, can be such an embarrassing experience at times. One way to address this inconvenience is to go through a dental implant. A dental implant is a tooth replacement process where the bone of the jaw, or skull is being put to support either the crown, the bridge or the denture as the case may be. A dental implant is not a one-day thing, as it sometimes takes months before it is viewed, preparations are made for the implant, the implant itself, and then the healing process.
This is why in this article, we shall be looking at some of the critical factors to note about dental implant surgery as it relates the person who is going through the operation, the dental implant process, and what to expect of it. Among other things to be examined quickly, is who is eligible to carry out dental implant surgery, and why such a person is qualified. Also, we shall be looking at how people, especially those who do not possess enough jawbone to go about this dental implant.
Eligibility Criteria for Dental Implant Surgery
Dental implant surgery is not opened to all simply because you have a tooth disorder. Except in rear and urgent cases, it is the last resort as all other medical options would have been considered before resulting in dental implant surgery. This makes it very necessary that when you have any problem at any point with your tooth, you visit a dentist to provide you with the best possible solution per time to correct such a problem. To be eligible for a dental implant, you must have –
- A Rotten or Damaged Tooth: Certain tooth diseases if not quickly and adequately handled can result in other diseases of the mouth, or affect the functioning of some organs. This is what makes one with a rotten or damaged tooth very much eligible for dental implant surgery. This is more necessary when such damage is more of internal than it is of external.
- Upon The Recommendation of Dentist: To be eligible for dental implant surgery, a certified dentist’s recommendation can be and is always very necessary to put you on the line as one of those going in for dental implant surgery. This way, it shows that diagnosis has been made, and the only logical solution is to have such affected tooth removed and replaced by an operation.
How Do People Without Enough Jawbone Go About Dental Implant Surgery?
This has been a very vital question, answer to which is one of the most important factors to note about a dental implant surgery. Jawbone no doubt plays a crucial role in the success of dental implant surgery as a new tooth is being implanted and based on it. Some people, however, are being discovered to not have enough jawbone which places a limitation on them being eligible for dental implant surgery. However, there is a way out for such people, and this is known as bone grafting.
Bone grafting is merely a process of taking bones from other parts of the body and grafting them into the jawbone to prepare it for successful dental implant surgery. For a successful and long term dental implant, a bone width of about 6mm and height of 10mm is being needed.
There exist many bone grafting techniques, however, of all of these, the most common is the guided bone graft augmentation where bones are taken naturally from other parts and grafted. After this is done, while healing is taking place before the actual dental implant surgery takes place, natural is likely to replace the graft in preparation for the implant.
What Does The Dental Implant Surgery Involve?
The whole dental surgery has stated earlier in this article, involves some steps, but let us quickly look at 5 crucial steps to note when placing each implant.
- The Soft Tissue Reflection: In this step, by an incision, the thicker attached gingiva is being split into two to ensure a thick band of tissue is developed around the implant. The flaps, which is the tissue end, exposes the bone making it very easy for the implant to be carried out.
- High-Speed Drilling: Once the soft tissue has been reflected, holes are being carefully drilled at a very high speed making use of precision drills in other to avoid any error or inconsistencies of any kind. It is also done to prevent any sort of pressure or burns to the bone structure.
- Low-Speed Drilling: With the high-speed drilling, pilot holes have been expanded, and in a bit to ensure that bone cells are not overheated and damaged, a water spray is then used to lower the temperature of the cells.
- Placing The Implant: This step requires a lot of care and concentration as here, the implant screw is set in a way that it is self-tapping. While this has been done, it is now gradually being screwed to fit in place precisely without having to overload other bones resulting in Osteonecrosis.
- The Adaptation of The Tissue: When the implant has been placed successfully, a tissue known as the gingiva is being adapted around it to ensure it heals speedily. Alternatively, it can be sealed with a cover screw and closed.
What Needs To Be Done After a Dental Implant Surgery?
Remember that dental implant even after the surgery takes a while for it to be completely healed. So at this point more than ever before, you need to take adequate care of such implant and stick to every medical precautions and medications given to you. Avoid anything that will cause damage to the implant in the course of healing as well.
The human tooth is one of the most delicate and as such, every human owe themselves a responsibility of not just taking adequate care of it alone, but also ensuring that the go for a constant medical checkup. Visiting a dentist on a timely basis to check the state of your tooth can be helpful to its overall health.