Tooth related issues are something we experience at least once in a while at one point in time. Most experiences that accompany dental problems usually calls for quick attention. Many people might have come across the word dental implant, but don’t actually have much idea on what it is all about. Dental implants act in place of a bone to artificially support a replaced tooth making it firm to the original position.
Dental implants procedures must be carried out by a professional periodontist when replacing a tooth/teeth that were most probably damaged due to injury, accidents, lack of proper hygiene and so on. Dental implants are not something that started recently it is known to have been in practice for thousands of years. Although the materials and methods that were used in replacing lost or decayed tooth/teeth might not be as easy and convenient then as they are now.
People have always had the idea that great confidence comes with a beautiful smile and this article aims to enlighten you about all you need to know about dental implants.
Different Types of Dental Implants and How Are They Fixed
- Zygomatic dental implants
- Endosteal dental implants
- Subperiosteal dental implants
Zygomatic Dental Implants: the Zygomatic kind of dental implants are usually not an everyday kind of implants. It is often not very common, because it is mostly accompanied by several complications. It is typically an implant required mostly only to some particular categories of patients’ that don’t have enough jaw bones. Instead of using the traditional method that involves boring into the jawbone directly, the Zygomatic dental implant is embedded in the upper jaw.
For atrophic posterior maxilla, a Zygomatic dental implant has to be placed on each side of the maxilla and then combined with several conventional implants anteriorly. An implant has to be placed inside the gum, sidelined on both sides on the jaw to support the crowns or bridges.
Endosteal dental Implants: for an Endosteal dental implant to be carried out, the patient must have a healthy and robust bone to allow full and total support of the dental implant in every way such as in length, height, and even in width. This is usually because the implants are to be placed in such a way that nothing comes in between on the jaw bone.
Endosteal dental implants usually come in several forms based on the patients’ bone quality and quantity. It can be the screw-type and blade type. Firstly either of the suitable implants is placed on the required area which is then left for a while. This time allows the patients’ body to get used to the implant and bonding to take place; normal activities can also be carried out during this time. After bonding the patient is to go back for another section with the surgeon where an abutment is then placed on the area where the implant was made. Then finally, a crown or bridges, can then be constructed on the area to replace the tooth.
Subperiosteal Dental Implants: a Subperiosteal dental implant is entirely different from the others, the implant is preferably attached to the bone rather than placing them into the bone. For situations where there is an excess loss of bone that would not be enough for Endosteal implant then a Subperiosteal implant will become the next suitable option. This is because it is used to cover a large surface area on the affected region.
It is mostly recommended for people with no lower teeth and also lack enough bone to carry out other types of implants. The process is done by putting a metal frame are on top of the jaw bone under the gum. Also, some metal pieces are left upward that comes out through the gums to enable attachment to either a bridge or crowns.
Majority of times, it is carried out in a two-part surgery. Firstly the gum is to open to enable the surgeon to create a frame. Secondly, the gum is cut open in other to allow for the insertion of the frame on top of the jaw bone. The closing of the gum then follows and then either the crowns or bridges will be placed on the metal frame.
Here are Different Materials Commonly used for Dental Implants
Not any kind of materials can be used for dental implants, so care must be taken in other to select an implant material which in every way is compactable physically and chemically with the patients’ requirements. Materials that can resist a different kind of conditions such as decaying and infections are mostly used. Let’s now take a look at the most common types of dental materials.
- Titanium dental implant material: the great characteristic of titanium as a dental material was discovered in 1950. Over time Titanium has been used and regarded as an efficient dental implant material. The implant is made from titanium metal, and it has been a great implant material due to some reasons. One major reason is that when implants from titanium are inserted and make contact with the bone without any disturbance, it allows the bone to grow next to it with time. This provides permanent and long-lasting support.
- Zirconia dental implant material: zirconia is a recent discovery in the 1990s and is seen to have promising features for the dental implant. For the fact that it’s a new invention that makes its success rate hard to collate or clearly emphasized.
In conclusion, consulting a dentist, in general, has been proven to be a neglected issue but it shouldn’t be so. Visiting the dentist should not only be when an issue arises, as such frequent visits allow for early detection of signs and symptoms of any kind of dental problem making a solution much more manageable. In situations where a dental implant is involved, a professional dentist needs to be consulted to know what kind of dental problem it is. And if a dental implant is to be carried out the best implant for you and the type of material suitable can also easily be detected.